What is a learning difficulty? What are the 5 different learning difficulties?
Learning difficulty is a type of Special Education Needs, which affects areas of learning, such as reading, writing, spelling, mathematics, etc. dyslexia. Dyslexia is one of the most common learning difficulties – also known as a learning disability
What are the 5 different learning difficulties?
Attention difficulties. Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) used to be grouped under the umbrella term of ADD.
Dyslexia is one of the most common learning difficulties – also known as learning disabilities. There are different types of dyslexia but the most common type is phonological dyslexia which affects the way people break words down into their component parts.
This has consequences for decoding in reading and can also cause spelling and writing difficulties. Because reading and writing are central to most school curricula, children with undiagnosed dyslexia can quickly fall behind their peers as they experience problems with note-taking, reading, homework, writing assignments, and assessments.
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) used to be grouped under the umbrella term of ADD. However, in recent years it is ADHD that has become the general label for attention difficulties, both with and without hyperactivity.
Children who struggle with dysgraphia have a hard time with writing and may produce text that is illegible. Writing can be labored, taking a long time to complete, and causing frustration and stress. Characterized by difficulties maintaining focus over extended periods.
As opposed to dyslexia and dysgraphia which are both language-based learning difficulties, dyscalculia has to do with processing numbers. Children with dyscalculia can have trouble performing simple arithmetic.
While not always grouped under the learning difficulties/ learning disabilities header, dyspraxia is a motor skills difficulty that can also impact academic success. That’s because it affects the planning and coordination of muscles, including those of the hand.